My immigrant ancestor was named "Marcus Timm", from Germany. His name changed to Temm upon arrival in America (not before it had changed a couple other times. Marcus and his many mysteries are the subject of a separate blog page devoted to him here.
Another page devoted to the history of the German Temm migrations to America can be found here.
Anyhow, now for the facts I've discovered from records, regarding the Temm Family history in Maine...
Marcus Temm married his wife Sarah Jane Browning (1825-1892) in Portland on Nov 10, 1852. Sarah was born in Truro, Nova Scotia in 1825 to John Robert Browning (sometimes known as Brownrigg) & Isabel Blair from Nova Scotia. Sarah, her sister Bethia, and her brother Robert Jr., had migrated from Nova Scotia around 1851.
For the 1860 Census in Portland, Marcus & Sarah gave fake names "William and Sarah Brown", and all the kids had the last name Brown as well. It's easy to see they got the name from Sarah's maiden name, Browning. Why they did this, I'm not sure, but it certainly lends itself to the Temm story of a man escaping authorities. But he lists himself as the Landlord here. Check it out at the bottom of the page (click to enlarge):
Prior to moving to Scarborough in 1864 (which is the earliest any Temm lived in Scarborough), Marcus & Sarah had five children in the East End of Portland who survived to adulthood:
-The eldest of their children was my great grandfather, John Henry Temm (1853-1936), born John Henry Brown.
-Elizabeth Bell Temm (born Elizabeth Bell Brown) (1856-1884) worked as a housekeeper at her uncle Robert Browning's seamen boarding house on 103 Fore Street. Around 1880, she married a farmer by the name of Thomas M. Smart, and lived near the Temm Homestead. They had three children (Thomas Franklin Smart, aka "Frank" and two others). She died one day after her 27th birthday, in Scarborough, giving birth to their third child. The three kids were given over to John Henry to be raised by him, according to Sarah's will. Frank ended up being raised by Elizabeth's sister, Sadie. It appears that Frank married a Georgia Harding in 1905 and moved to Winthrop, where he died in 1906. I can't seem to locate any information about his other two siblings. It states on Elizabeth's death record that she is buried in Forest City Cemetery. They have no record for her, but according to them their records are spotty before 1915 anyhow. It's likely that she's buried in the lot started by her uncle Robert Brownrig.
-Sarah Jane ("Sadie") Temm (born Sarah Jane Brown) (1858-1935) married Dennis Edwards in Salem, Massachusetts, but settled in Freeport, Maine. They had three children who survived to adulthood (Pearl, Dana & Pauline). Dennis was killed in the summer of 1898 by a train while riding his horse in Freeport. I'm in touch with one of Pearl's descendants, and have learned quite a bit about this family. Sadie later married a John Brett, and had no further children. On Sadie's 2nd marriage record in 1903, it stated that Sadie's father William Temm (Marcus) was born in Portland, and that Sarah Jane Brownrigg was born in Machias. I wonder if Marcus' need to lay low made everyone say he was from Maine, even 35 years after his death. Also, Sarah Jane's parents had moved to Machias, Maine at one point, so it's likely that Sadie believed Sarah Jane was born in Machias.
-"Infant Brown", a boy listed in the census record above, who apprently didn't survive longer than a year. I cannot find any records for him or his name.
-Catherine Mary Temm (1865-after 1896) went by the name Kate Temm for her Scarborough high school yearbook. She was born just after the Temms' move to Scarborough, and reversion to their correct surname "Temm". Aunt Isabelle stated that she remembers stories about her living in Woodfords area of Portland and working as a waitress. This sent me looking through the Portland directories, where I found "Katie Timm" living at 112 India Street, and working as a waitress, for the year 1896. She shows up in the 1900 Census as a waitress and lived at 54 Free Street, in the boarding house of Dennis Kilday. On this census, she declares her parents to be both from Maine (just like her sister's death record had stated). No further records found.
Their move to Scarborough was fortuitous, since it was two years prior to the Great Fire of Portland in 1866, although the fire spared Robert Browning's houses.
Chronological review of the extensive real estate records involving Marcus & Sarah Temm and heirs:
-1854, "William Brown" purchases 17 Atlantic Street, in Portland's East End, from John Weeks.
-22 June 1864, Sarah purchased several lots of land in Scarboro from S. Bartholomew Jones of Portland for $600.00, inclusive of access and common area usage to a large barn and cellar and other common areas. This land appears to be north of the land owned by Sarah at the corner of Dresser and Beech Ridge. Concurrently with the above deed, George Jewett of Portland sold Sarah a neighboring portion of this property for $100.00. Together, this makes the "30 Acre Property" referred to below.
-September 1866, "William Brown" sells 17 Atlantic Street to Adeline Hutchinson, two months after the Great Fire of Portland, likely when real estate was lower in price, even though the house (and most all of Munjoy Hill) escaped the fire.
-18 April 1871, two and a half years had passed since Marcus' death, and Sarah purchased and mortgaged from Edward Moses, a neighbor, a 16 acre lot on Beech Ridge Road contiguous with other property owned by her, and was known to be part of the Dresser Farm. The mortgage was a three year term, for a purchase price of $300.00.
-7 March 1873, Sarah had failed to pay the mortgage, and the property was seized by Wilbur Dresser (whom the Dresser Road was named for), as attorney to George Jewett (assignees of Ed Moses). The property was seized 'peaceably and with no opposition from Mrs. Temm or any other person'. The witnesses for the foreclosure were John & Mary McLaughlin, part of the prestigious McLaughlin family (whose graves are situated on Beech Ridge Road just outside Bill Temm Jr.'s house, right across the road from Sarah's Homestead).
-4 September 1875, Sarah officially sold the 16 acre Dresser Farm lot to Jewett. It's unclear why she was entitled to wait over two years to do so after it had already been seized.
-In 1880, Sarah purchased a 3/4 acre portion of her neighbor Dominicus Libby's property for $10.00.
-In 1885, John Henry Temm purchased and mortgaged from A.A. Mitchell of Deering an approximately 16 acre portion of land just north of his mother's land for $320.00.
-January 1891, Sarah failed to pay the delinquent property taxes on the combined land (a whopping $7.12 due from the tax year 1889), so the tax collector claimed to seize the property. Sarah died exactly one year later of pneumonia in January of 1892, at age 66.
-In March of 1892, Sarah's estate was probated, and an abstract of her will was provided:
First, I wish to give one undivided half of all my Real Estate to my beloved son John Henry Timm. I wish the remainder of my property consisting of one undivided half interest in my Real Estate and all my household furniture except that part already given to my Daughters as above to be divided equally between my beloved son John H. Temm and my beloved daughters Sarah J. Edwards and Catherine M. Temm and the children of Elizabeth Smart now members of my family the three children to have what would be their mother's share and I do hereby appoint my son John H. Temm trustee of these Children of Elizabeth Smart.-In November of 1892, John H. Temm suffered a foreclosure on his 16 acre property, and it had to be given back to an heir of Mr. Mitchell, the holder of the Note.
-On 23 Jan 1893, the Town of Scarborough tax collector recorded another tax deed against the property, for the same unpaid property tax from 1889 - in the amount of $7.12. The deed states that a bill for taxes was posted, and nobody from the estate of William Temm, deceased, came forward to resolve the debt, so the 30 acre Temm Homestead Farm was therefore sold to the Town of Scarborough for its payment of the tax arrears.
-On 11 July 1896, John Temm & Hattie (newly married-although I can't find any official record of it...) signed a mortgage deed for the 30 acre, 16 acre, and 3/4 acre collective homestead benefiting Isaac Rogers of Standish for $400.00. They had one year to pay Rogers back or else lose the property. This leads me to believe that the Temms must have got the property back from the tax collector and Mr. Mitchell's heir by some method (although I see nothing of record).
-On 8 August 1896, Wilbur Dresser as executor of Estate of Sarah Jane Temm, four years after her death, sold the 3/4 acre property and the 30 acre property held by the Estate to Isaac Rogers of Standish. I guess the probate deed above had no effect? And why would a neighbor become the executor to her estate when she already had three surviving adult children capable of this?
-12 April 1898, John & Hattie lost this same property to Isaac Rogers via Court Order, plus attorney fees ($11.25).
-31 Dec 1898, Hattie struck a deal with Lowell Simonds of Old Orchard. He bought the 3/4 acre property and the 16 acre property from Hattie, and Hattie gave that money to Isaac Rogers to call off the foreclosure proceedings on the 30 Acre Lot.
-13 Jun 1899, Hattie sold the 30 acre Temm Homestead after all to Lowell Simonds, ending the 35 year period that the Temms actually owned the original Temm Homestead at 99 Beech Ridge Road (NE corner of Dresser Road and Beech Ridge Road, once owned by Sarah Jane Temm). However, the Temms still lived on that land and rented until 1920, when they moved down the street (see below).
After Simonds, the successor owners of the Temm Homestead were the Waterhouses, Walter Breil, Eugene Brown, Joseph Roy, Ralph Erickson, and Thomas Filieo.
Carl Temm Homestead
-3 May 1920, John & Hattie purchased and mortgaged new property on 75 Beech Ridge Road (unknown acreage) from Wilbur Dresser for $1200.00, for a three year term. This large property was 'between Dunstan Corner and Gorham', and later became the Carl Temm Homestead.
-27 Sep 1924, John mortgaged the new large property to Albion Perley. Mortgage was satisfied.
-17 Jan 1930, John signed a deed selling his property at 75 Beech Ridge Road to his sons Clifford & Carl Temm, with stipulation that the property not change hands until his own death. The deed was recorded on 2 Apr 1936, just one day after John died, and carried with it a $700 unpaid mortgage.
-13 Dec 1941, Clifford and his wife Susie sold off their half interest in the Homestead to Carl Temm. by then the land was unencumbered by mortgage.
-27 Mar 1975, Carl had passed away, and his probate appeared to pass all property holdings (including the Temm Farm) to June Moon, Alvin Temm (nephew), Charles Temm (nephew), Ralph Temm (son) and Nellie Guptill (girlfriend).
In 1935, the old McLaughlin property across the street from the old Temm Homestead was purchased by John Henry Temm's son, William S. Temm from Bridget Sheehy. The property had been sold by the McLaughlins to the Benjamin Shaw, who sold it to Harriette Harmon, who later sold it to Sheehy.
Benjamin's daughter, Zelia Shaw, was a neighbor and a family friend to William Temm. The Shaws kept their own farm next door to the Temm Homestead, but in 1932, when Zelia lost her parents and brother all within a 4 year span, Zelia sold the house and moved in with the Temms.
MARCUS & SARAH TEMM HOMESTEAD (2010)
CORNER OF BEECH RIDGE AND DRESSER ROADS
(NOT THE SAME HOUSE FROM THE 1800's, OBVIOUSLY)
Timm vs. Temm
As for the spelling of the name "Timm" vs "Temm", that's an issue that's rather easy to explain. All records (marriage, real estate, birth, death, etc.) were handwritten in fancy cursive during the 1800's. Typing records only came into play at the turn of the century. Many of the oldest documents for Sarah & Marcus have their names spelled Timm, but not all. Some have it spelled "Tomm". Others have spelled the name "Temme". None of the records were written in Marcus or Sarah's own handwriting, mind you.
I find it interesting that the old address books for Portland in the 1800's have nothing but "Timm" spelled. It would seem to me that the original name was indeed Timm when it was German, and due to some common misreadings of old penmanship, the name (since it's a soundalike too) gradually became "Temm". A look at any of the old records would convince you very quickly that if a stenographer wrote out "Timm" and forgot to dot the "i" even once, it could change history.
Another theory could be that Marcus changed it deliberately from Timm to Temm upon arrival in America (even though he later went by "Brown" after he married Sarah Jane), in order to avoid authorities and perceived enemies. He went by Marcus in all documents, even though his first name was Wilhelm. And, all real estate was wholly owned by his wife Sarah. He never signed off on any of it. He did, after all, break the law...even though it was German law.
According to Marcus' death record, he was buried at Forest City, just like his son John Henry. John Henry's grave appears below, and from the inscription and available records, only he, his wife, their son Carlie, and two infant grandchildren are here:
Marcus might be listed under "Tenna", which is how his death record was misspelled. His wife Sarah's death record states she was buried in Scarborough, but that seems pretty odd, she is probably buried with Marcus. I have no clue where Marcus and Sarah's daughters (Lizzie and Kate) are buried. I do know that Sadie is buried in Burr Cemetery in Freeport, with her children:
Since Temm/Timm is a somewhat unusual name, I'm hoping the connections can be easily made to other Temms - perhaps this blog post can be a launching point.